BW Globe
Forschungsgruppe (ERC)

Governing global migration is one of the most pressing issues of our time. With more than 250 million international immigrants, the question of how citizenship should be distributed has become a controversial issue, morally and politically. Traditionally, international law has not regulated nationality law; naturalization requirements remain the last stronghold of national sovereignty. This project advances the establishment of a new subfield in public international law—International Citizenship Law (ICIL)—which would govern nationality law. It asks a critical and timely question: What should be the international norms and structure in setting up requirements for naturalization and, more broadly, for granting citizenship?

In order to address this question, the project has six objectives: [1] to investigate the history of naturalization and what it can teach us about 21st-century challenges; [2] to identify the recent legal developments and establish the most up-to-date legal standards in the field of naturalization law that, taken together, may form the basis for ICIL; [3] to set out the theoretical foundations and the justifications for the establishment of ICIL; [4] to analyze the normative and structural implications derived from an-ICIL approach for future citizenship policy development; [5] to examine how new technologies can and should remodel the way citizenship is globally governed and distributed; and [6] to explore the interrelationship between ICIL, global migration, and constitutional identity.

The project is structured around three core projects: [1] Global Citizenship Compact (GCC); [2] Majority and Minority Rights; [3] Global Citizenship Technology (CitTech).

GCG and EUI Logo

This project is co-hosted by the
European University Institute


Melinda Biolchini
fon: +49 30 25491 453
fax: +49 30 25491 452
mail: melinda.biolchini [at]

Reichpietschufer 50
D-10785 Berlin


Staatsbürgerschaftstheorie | Verfassungsidentität | Europäisches Recht | Globale Migration | Internationales Recht


Wessel Reijers

Global Citizenship Compact

The project explores models for a “Global Compact on Citizenship” (GCC) from different perspectives

Dutch Proverbs
Pieter Bruegel the Elder: The Dutch Proverbs

Majority and Minority Rights

The project aims to formulate standards easing tensions between majority and minority rights

Wessel Reijers

Citizenship and Technology

The CitTech project analyzes transformation citizenship is undergoing in the digital age

Recent Publications

Charles Deluvio/Unsplash

Mantha-Hollands, Ashley/Orgad, Liav: The Future of Handshaking: How Coronavirus Can Transform 'Living Together in Europe,

screenshot title page publication

Orgad, Liav/Reijers, Wessel (2020):
How to Make the Perfect Citizen? Lessons from China’s Model of Social Credit System.
EUI Working Paper RSCAS 2020/28

Sonny Ravenstein

Orgad, Liav (2020): Forced to be Free: The Limits of European Tolerance. Harvard Human Rights Journal,
Vol. 34.

EUI Web Page
ERC Acknowledgement

This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme  (grant agreement No 716350).