Employment Opportunities of Less-educated Persons in Historical and Comparative Perspective


Research on economic marginalization of less-educated people mainly focuses on purely quantitative displacement mechanisms: the more high-skill supply there is in relation to the demand for high-skilled employees, the more the labor market position of the low-educated group deteriorates. In our research, we expand the explanation of economic marginalization –unemployment risks, socioeconomic status attainment and earnings – by also looking at qualitative characteristics of groups of low-educated people, and argue that negative competence selection, negative social selection, and discrediting mechanisms are also of importance (see Solga 2008). For investigation we use historical analyses as well as country comparison

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Selected Publications

Heisig, Jan Paul/Solga, Heike (2015): "Secondary Education Systems and the General Skills of Less- and Intermediate-educated Adults. A Comparison of 18 Countries". In: Sociology of Education, Vol. 88, No. 3, S. 202-225. (Vorab online publiziert 28. Mai 2015)
Giesecke, Johannes/Heisig, Jan Paul/Solga, Heike (2015): "Getting more Unequal. Rising Labor Market Inequalities among Low-skilled Men in West Germany". In: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Vol. 39, S. 1-17. (Vorab online publiziert 27. Oktober 2014)
Heisig, Jan Paul/Solga, Heike (2014): "Kompetenzen, Arbeitsmarkt- und Weiterbildungschancen von gering Qualifizierten in Deutschland. Befunde aus PIAAC". In: Projektträger im Deutschen Zentrum für Luft-/Raumfahrt (Hg.): Kompetenzen von gering Qualifizierten. Befunde und Konzepte. Alphabetisierung und Grundbildung Erwachsener, Bd. 3. Bielefeld: W. Bertelsmann Verlag, S. 11-31.
Gesthuizen, Maurice/Solga, Heike/Künster, Ralf (2011): "Context Matters. Economic Marginalization of Low-educated Workers in Cross-national Perspective". In: European Sociological Review, Vol. 27, No. 2, S. 264-280. (Vorab online publiziert 21 Februar 2010)
Solga, Heike (2009): "Bildungsarmut und Ausbildungslosigkeit in der Bildungs- und Wissensgesellschaft". In: Rolf Becker (Hg.): Lehrbuch der Bildungssoziologie. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, S. 395-432.
Solga, Heike (2008): "Lack of Training. Employment Opportunities for Low-Skilled Persons from a Sociological and Microeconomic Perspective". In: Karl Ulrich Mayer/Heike Solga (Eds.): Skill Formation. Interdisciplinary and Cross-National Perspectives. Cambridge u.a.: Cambridge University Press, S. 173-204.