From School-to-(Quality)-Work. A Comparative Study of Sequence Trajectories in Developed and Developing Countries.

Abstract

Work constitutes a fundamental part of individuals´ life and is an important generator of individual and social welfare. Globally, youngsters tend to have more fragility in labor markets. Work quality includes the aspects that make work ultimately generate welfare. This project aims to analyze the different initial career paths of youngsters into labor markets of different socio-economical systems and to explain the trajectories by educational factors as well as the classical inequality socio-demographic factors (gender, social class, and ethnicity) and other relevant aspects in the transition to adulthood and aspects that shape labor markets. Persons in the path to adulthood decide and act based on personal but also institutional, economic and cultural reasons. Because of this, Germany, the United States of America, Spain, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay represent different labor laws, social systems, markets, welfare regimens that will shape this transition from school to work differently and will hinder or privilege to varying degrees the access to quality work.

There has been a lot of research regarding school-to-work transitions (STWT), since the emblematic works of Paul Ryan (Ryan, 2001) as well as Walter Müller and Markus Gangl (Müller & Gangl, 2003) to this day. And this prolific literature has included new methodology and technics available due to technological and software advances. This project acknowledges all the accumulation of STWT research and attempts to contribute mainly with two specific aspects: to include Latin American countries in a Sequence Analysis and Event History analysis and to analyze the quality of the work of these trajectories.